Embassy of Madagascar Map

Country Profile

  • Official Name

    Repoblikan’i Madagasikara

    Republique de Madagascar

    Short Form

    Madagascar

    Int’l Long Form

    Republic of Madagascar

    Former

    Malagasy Republic

    ISO Country Code

    mg

    Local Time

    East African Time (UTC +3h)

    Country Calling Code

    +261

    Capital City

    Antananarivo (Tananarive)

Government of Madagascar

Type

Republic

Independence

26 June 1960 (from France)

Geography

Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique.Area: 587,040 km² (226,658 sq mil).Terrain: Mountainous central plateau, coastal plain.Climate: tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south, periodic cyclones.

People

Nationality: MalagasyPopulation: 20.7 million (2011)Ethnic Groups: 18 separate tribal groups of Malayo-Indonesian, mixed African and Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry, French, Indian. Religions: Indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%. Languages: Malagasy (of Malayo-Polynesian origin), French, Literacy: 70%

Natural resources: Graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, precious and semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), beans, bananas, peanuts; livestock products.